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Home » QuickBooks Won’t Open – All Reasons and Quick Solutions

QuickBooks Won’t Open – All Reasons and Quick Solutions

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QuickBooks won’t open for a number of possible reasons, such as missing updates, damaged data, improper installation, etc. This issue is notified by the program with error messages like ‘Can’t open QuickBooks,’ ‘QuickBooks has a problem,’ ‘QuickBooks has stopped working,’ or ‘We’re sorry, QuickBooks encountered a problem.’ On the other hand, sometimes, it just stops responding without any error messages.

Such an issue prevents users from continuing regular financial operations with QuickBooks, which can affect several crucial business activities. Let’s dive deep into this blog to learn why the issue occurs and how to resolve it effectively.

Problems while opening QuickBooks Desktop can create havoc among users. Thus, the issue needs to be resolved as soon as possible. If you need assistance in fixing this issue, reach out to our team of QB experts at 800-580-5375 and get professional help.

Are you wondering “why my QuickBooks won’t open?” In this section, we will discuss the primary reasons behind this QBDT issue. Learning why QuickBooks suddenly stops working can help you in the troubleshooting process. The following reasons are responsible for why QB won’t open –

  • Your QuickBooks Desktop version is discontinued or outdated, which can cause compatibility issues.
  • There might be damage or corruption in the Windows operating system or system files.
  • Essential QuickBooks files, like the QBWUSER.INI file, might be damaged or corrupted.
  • Your QuickBooks program might be damaged or not be correctly installed. 
  • The hard drive that stores QB and the program files might be corrupted or has bad sectors.
  • Your company file might be damaged or corrupted, which can be another reason for this issue.
  • The company file you are trying to access in QuickBooks might have a longer name than the allowed limit. 

Now that we have learned about the reasons behind this issue let’s troubleshoot it in the next section.

Effective Solutions to Fix the QuickBooks Not Working Issue

You won’t be able to access QuickBooks and utilize any of its features until the “QuickBooks not opening” issue is resolved. Thus, once you have learned why such an issue arises, follow the troubleshooting solutions mentioned below to get QuickBooks back on track –

Solution 1 – Update QuickBooks Desktop to the Most Recent Release

One important thing to note is that QuickBooks won’t open without update, as the updates provide all necessary security patches and bug fixes required to run QuickBooks smoothly. Thus, we will first install the most recent QuickBooks updates to check if this resolves the issue –

  1. Exit QuickBooks and the company file, then right-click the QB Desktop icon and choose Run as Admin.
  2. Launch QuickBooks, then in the Help menu, select Update QuickBooks Desktop and click Update Now.
  3. Next, mark the Reset Update checkbox, select Get Updates, and wait for the latest updates to download.
  4. Once the download is complete, restart QuickBooks and select Install Now to install the updates.

After QBDT is updated, check if there are still issues opening QuickBooks Desktop. If yes, move to the next solution and check where the issue lies. 

Solution 2 – Check if the Issue Lies with QB or the Data File 

You need to determine whether the issue is within QuickBooks or the company file. Knowing where the issue lies will help you navigate the troubleshooting process.

Step 1 – Open the Data File with all Windows Closed 

Try accessing your file with all the windows closed in QuickBooks by following these steps –

  1. Launch QuickBooks, then in the No Company Open window, select your company file.
  2. Press and hold the ALT key on your keyboard, click Open and don’t let go of the ALT key until the file opens.
  3. If you’re required to sign in, release the ALT key, enter your password, then hold the ALT key again and hit OK.

If your QuickBooks Desktop won’t open even after closing all the open windows, move to the next step.

Step 2 – Suppress QBDT

Implement the steps provided below to suppress QuickBooks Desktop and open the company file –

  1. Firstly, press and hold the Ctrl key, then double-click the QuickBooks Desktop icon. Make sure not to release the Ctrl key until you see the No Company Open window.
  2. Next, select a company file, choose Open, and check if it opens correctly. 

If QuickBooks does not open in suppressed mode, move to the next solution. 

Solution 3 – Edit the QBWUSER.INI File Name 

The QBWUSER.INI file is used to save the QuickBooks Desktop program’s configuration. Thus, this file is essential to run the application. If this file is damaged or corrupted, it needs to be renamed in the following manner – 

  1. Open the folder that stores the QBWUSER.ini file by following this navigation path: Users[Your user name]AppDataLocalIntuitQuickBooks [year]. If you can’t locate the folder, uncheck the hidden files and folders option in the Windows settings. 
  2. Next, right-click the QBWUSER.ini file, select Rename, and add .old at the end of the file name, followed by hitting Enter
  3. Lastly, rename the EntitlementDataStore.ecml file by following the same process and reopen QuickBooks Desktop.

Suppose QBDT opens after you rename either QBWUSER.ini or EntitlementDataStore.ecml file, open a sample company file. If you can open the sample file but not the original company file, copy the company file to another local folder and open it from there.

If you can open your company file from the new location, the original folder might be damaged, or the folder permissions might be insufficient. But if you still can’t open the company file, the file might be damaged or corrupted (see solutions 4 & 5 below).

On the other hand, if you can’t open the sample company file or QuickBooks doesn’t start, the software has installation issues. See solution 6 to fix these QB installation issues.

Solution 4 – Use QB File Doctor Tool 

Damaged or corrupted company files can be a reason why you aren’t able to open QuickBooks. Use the QuickBooks File Doctor tool to fix these company file issues in the following manner – 

Step 1 – Download & Install QB Tool Hub 

The QuickBooks Tool Hub contains all the essential tools and features needed to fix QB issues. Hence, the first step is to download the latest QB Tool Hub version and install it on the PC in the following manner –

  1. Close QuickBooks, download the latest QB Tool Hub version by clicking here and save the setup file to an easily accessible location on the PC.

Note: If you already have the program installed on the computer, look at the bottom of the Home section to find out what version you have. Make sure that you have the most recent ( version installed; otherwise, install it.

  1. Further, run the QuickBooksToolHub.exe setup file downloaded above, then go through the on-screen instructions to install and accept the terms and conditions.
  2. When the installation process is complete, double-click the QB Tool Hub icon on your Windows desktop and launch the program. 

Note: If you can’t locate the QB Tool Hub icon on the desktop, manually search for “QuickBooks Tool Hub” in the Windows search panel and launch it. 

Now, open QB Tool Hub and run the Quick Fix My File tool in the next step.

Step 2 – Use the Quick Fix My File Tool

The Quick Fix My File tool can be used to fix general company file problems. To run this tool, follow the steps given below –

  1. Launch QB Tool Hub, go to the Company File Issues tab, and select the Quick Fix My File tool.
  2. Once the tool stops running, hit OK and launch QBDT again.

Now, check if you are able to open QuickBooks without issues. If you are still unable to open it, move to step 3 and use the QuickBooks File Doctor tool. 

Step 3 – Utilize QuickBooks File Doctor Utility

If the company file issues aren’t resolved with the Quick Fix My File tool, try using QuickBooks File Doctor. This tool runs a company file repair process, which can help resolve the error –

  1. Open the QB Tool Hub program, then from the Company File Issues tab, select the QuickBooks File Doctor tool.

Note: This tool might take up to a minute to open. If the QuickBooks File Doctor doesn’t open, search for “QuickBooks Desktop File Doc” in the Windows search panel and open it manually.

  1. Next, open the drop-down menu and select the company file you want to repair. If you can’t see the file, select Browse and Search, find the company file, and proceed with the repair process.
  2. Now, select the Check your file option, click Continue, and enter your QB admin password.
  3. Click Next, and once the tool stops running, relaunch QuickBooks Desktop.

Note: Depending on your file size, QB File Doctor might take upto 15 minutes to complete the scan. Remember, the scan may indicate that the process was unsuccessful, even if the tool resolves the company file issues.

After running the tool, check if you are able to open QuickBooks without any issues. However, if QuickBooks is not opening, move to the next solution and repair the app.

Solution 5 – Use the QuickBooks Verify/Rebuild Data Utility

Data integrity issues in QuickBooks company files can be fixed by using the Verify and Rebuild Data tool. Follow the steps mentioned below to run the Verify/Rebuild Data tool effectively –

Step 1 – Use the QB Verify Data Tool

The Verify Data tool helps identify the data damage in the following manner – 

  1. Open Window, hit Close All, then move to the File menu and click Utilities.
  2. Select Verify Data, run the tool, and take the following actions based on the results –
    1. If the Verify Data tool detects no problems with your data, the data is clean, and you don’t need to perform further steps.
    2. If an error message appears after the scan, search for it on our site and find out how to eliminate it.
    3. Lastly, if your data has lost integrity, you can fix the damage using the QB Rebuild Data tool. 

Now, run the Rebuild Data utility in step 2.

Step 2 – Utilize the QB Rebuild Data Tool 

After the data damage is identified, rebuild it by using the Rebuild Data tool. You can run this utility by implementing the steps given below –

  1. Open QuickBooks, go to the File tab, select Utilities, and click Rebuild Data.
  2. When QuickBooks asks you to create a backup for the company file, select OK and create a company file backup.
  1. Select a location to save the backup, click OK, and don’t replace another backup file. In the File name field, enter a new name for the backup file, and click Save.
  2. Next, select OK when the “Rebuild has completed” message appears, then go back to the File menu. 
  3. Click Utilities and select the Verify Data tool again to check for additional data damage. Then, run the tool and take the following actions –
    • If the tool finds more data damage, look for the error(s) in the qbwin.log and search for it on this website for troubleshooting solutions.
    • If no damage or error is found, restore a recent backup of the company file by going to the File menu and clicking Open or Restore Company.

Note: Do not replace your existing company file with the backup version. Since a new backup file is created, you’ll need to re-enter information into your company file.

Now, try opening QuickBooks, but if you are still facing issues, move to the next solution.

Solution 6 – Repair QuickBooks Desktop 

General program problems in QuickBooks can be a reason why it isn’t opening. It can also occur when there are installation problems. To fix these problems, you need to repair the QuickBooks installation. Before performing this solution, make sure QB Tool Hub is installed on the PC (see ‘Step 1: Download & Install QB Tool Hub’ in ‘Solution 4: Use QB File Doctor Tool’ above to install Tool Hub). 

Then, use the QB Tool Hub utilities to repair the program and fix the installation problems in the following manner –

Step 1 – Use the Quick Fix My Program Utility 

The Quick Fix My Program tool is used to terminate processes used by the QB software running in the background. This tool also helps fix the program problems in the following manner –

  1. Launch the QB Tool Hub, then move to the Program Problems tab and select the Quick Fix My Program tool.
  2. Now, run the tool, and once it stops running, launch QBDT and access your data file.

Once done, check if you can open QuickBooks without any interruptions. Still, if QuickBooks is not responding when opening, use the QuickBooks Install Diagnostic tool in the next step.

Step 2 – Run QB Install Diagnostic Tool

If running a QB program repair doesn’t help fix the QB not opening issue, run the QuickBooks Install Diagnostic utility as follows –

  1. Launch QuickBooks Tool Hub, move to the Installation Issues section, then select the QuickBooks Install Diagnostic tool and run it.
  2. Let the tool fix the installation issues in the software, which can take up to 20 minutes, then restart your PC.

After the process ends, launch QB and check if you can open it without issues. Moreover, make sure your QuickBooks Desktop is updated to the latest version. If you are still facing issues, perform the next troubleshooting solution and fix it.

Solution 7 – Reinstall the QBDT App 

If repairing QuickBooks doesn’t work, try reinstalling the app. A fresh installation can help fix general issues in the current version that are responsible for the “QuickBooks Desktop not opening” issue. Follow the steps mentioned below to remove and then install QB again –

Step 1: Remove the QB Application

Remove QuickBooks from the system by uninstalling it. Make sure to back up the company files before removing QB to ensure that there is no accidental data loss. Then, uninstall QuickBooks Desktop by implementing the following steps –

  1. Firstly, go to the Windows Start menu, then search for the Control Panel and open it.
  2. Click Programs and Features or Uninstall a program option, then check the program list and choose QuickBooks.
  3. Click Uninstall/Change, Remove, but if you don’t see this option, sign in to Windows as an admin user.
  4. Lastly, hit Next and wait for the installation to finish.

After QuickBooks Desktop is removed from the PC, move to step 2 and reinstall it.

Step 2: Install QBDT

The next step is to install QuickBooks Desktop on your PC again. Make sure the PC meets the minimum system requirements (see solution 8 below), and make a note of the product and license information of the current QB version. Then, follow the detailed steps below to install and activate QBDT –

  1. Go to (CAMPs) or the download site to download the QB setup file and save the .exe setup file to an easily accessible location on your computer.
  2. Further, open the downloaded QuickBooks.exe file, go through the on-screen prompts, and accept the license agreement.
  3. Click Next, enter your product and license numbers, and click Next again.
  4. Now, make sure that you have an active internet connection, then proceed with the installation.
  5. Select Express Install as the Installation Type, hit Next, and select Install.
  6. Once the installation process ends, reopen QuickBooks and go to the Help tab.
  7. Select Activate QuickBooks Desktop, follow the on-screen instructions to verify your information, and enter the Product and License Info to complete the registration.

Once QB is installed and activated, launch it and check the status of the issue. If QuickBooks is open but not showing, move to the next troubleshooting solution to fix the issue.

Solution 8 – Review the Windows Operating System Requirements for QB 

Sometimes, QB might not open if the minimum system requirements are not met. Make sure the following requirements are fulfilled before running QB on Windows –

Operating System Requirement

  1. Windows 11, 64-bit, natively installed
  2. Windows 10, all 64-bit editions, natively installed
  3. Windows Server 2022, Standard and Essentials
  4. Windows Server 2019, Standard and Essentials
  5. Windows Server 2016, Standard and Essentials

Browser Requirement

The latest version of QuickBooks Desktop requires a strong internet connection and Google Chrome.

Hardware Requirement

  1. A minimum of 2.4 GHz of processor.
  2. A minimum of 8 GB RAM. Whereas the recommended is 16 GB.
  3. 2.5 GB of free disk space for the installation and some additional space for the data files.
  4. Microsoft .NET 4.8 Runtime, which will require 60 MB of disk space.
  5. A 4X DVD-ROM drive if the installation needs to be done using a physical disk.
  6. 1280 x 1024 resolution or higher resolution display.

Make sure your system meets all the requirements mentioned above. However, if QuickBooks won’t open even after system requirements are met, move to the next solution.

Solution 9 – Check the Hosting Setup on the Workstations 

While running QuickBooks in multi-user mode, ensure that the hosting is enabled only on the server PC. If the hosting settings are enabled on the workstation, it can cause issues while opening QB. Thus, review the hosting setup on the workstation as follows –

  1. Open QuickBooks on the workstation facing issues, then go to the File tab and click Utilities.
  2. Now, choose the Stop Hosting Multi-User Access option to disable the hosting mode. If you don’t see this option, the hosting settings are already correctly set.

Once done, rerun QuickBooks on the workstation and check if the issue is fixed. If you can’t open QuickBooks, move to the next troubleshooting solution. 

Solution 10 – End the QuickBooks Processes 

If none of the above solutions work, try terminating all the QB processes and relaunching the application. To end the processes, follow the steps below –

  1. Press the Ctrl + Shift + Esc keys on your keyboard to launch the Windows Task Manager and go to the Processes tab.
  2. Next, find all QuickBooks processes with the .exe extension, then right-click each of them and select End Process.

Once the processes are terminated, rerun QuickBooks Desktop. Now, check if the application is running correctly, but if QuickBooks is not working, move to the next solution. 

Solution 11 – Edit QuickBooks Company File Name 

If your QuickBooks is not responding when opening the company file, the file name might be too long. To fix this issue, backup your company file and rename the company file in the following manner –

  1. Open QuickBooks, then check the company file location in the Product Information window (press F2 or Ctrl + 1 keys).
  2. Note the location, then go to the Windows Start menu and open Windows File Explorer.
  3. Once the company file is found, right-click on it, select Rename, and ensure the new name is within the character limit and doesn’t contain extra spaces or special characters.
  4. Lastly, hit Enter and click Yes to confirm the changes.

Once the file is renamed, try opening QuickBooks and the company file. However, if you can’t open QB, move to the next solution. 

Solution 12 – Update the Windows OS Version

Compatibility problems between QuickBooks and the Windows OS can be a reason why you are unable to open QB. Thus, update the Windows OS and make it compatible with the latest QB version using the instructions below –

  1. Go to the Windows Start menu, select Settings, then choose the Update & Security section.
  2. Next, select Windows Update, then install the available updates and restart the PC.

Once Windows OS is updated, try opening QuickBooks Desktop again. If your QuickBooks Desktop won’t open, move to the next troubleshooting solution. 

Solution 13 – Use the System File Checker Utility

The System File Checker tool helps check for issues with the system files. You can check the system files by using this tool by following the instructions below –

  1. Make sure Windows is updated, then restart the PC and open the search box in the Taskbar.
  2. Type “command prompt,” then right-click or press and hold Command Prompt (Desktop app) from the list of results.
  3. Select Run as Admin, click Yes, then type DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth (note the space before each “/”), and hit Enter.

Note: Wait for this step to start and complete, as it may take a few minutes.

  1. Further, when the “The operation completed successfully” message appears, type sfc /scannow (note the space between “sfc” and “/”) and hit Enter.
  2. Lastly, when the “Verification 100% complete” message appears, type exit and press Enter.

Now, relaunch QuickBooks and check if the issues are resolved. If you are still struggling to open QB, move to the next solution.

Solution 14 – Run QuickBooks in Compatibility Mode

If you are still facing issues while opening QuickBooks, try running the software in compatibility mode by using the steps given below –

  1. Right-click the QB Desktop icon and choose Properties, then go to the Compatibility tab.
  2. Checkmark the “Run this program in compatibility mode for..” box, then choose a compatible Windows OS version from the drop-down menu.

Now, check if you are able to run the application in compatibility mode and if the “QuickBooks Desktop will not open” issue is fixed.


We hope this troubleshooting guide helps you resolve the QuickBooks won’t open issue. However, if performing these solutions doesn’t help address the issue or you are stuck in the troubleshooting process, reach out to our support team at 800-580-5375 for direct help with the issue.


Do I need to create a company file backup if QuickBooks is not responding when opening the company file?

Yes, if your QuickBooks is unresponsive while accessing the company file, create a backup version before fixing the issue –

• Open the File menu in QuickBooks, then select the Switch to Single-User Mode option and move back to the File menu.
• Select Backup Company, click Create Local Backup, and in the next window, select Local Backup.
• Hit Next, then in the Local Backup Only section, hit Browse and select a location to save the backup file.
• Set the number of backups, if needed, then let QB run a test to confirm that the file is in good condition.
• Next, hit OK, click Save it now, and hit Next to complete the process.

What are the signs and symptoms for the QuickBooks Desktop won’t open issue?

If your QB won’t open, you might notice the following symptoms –

• You might receive error messages or pop-up notifications while opening QB.
• QuickBooks might start crashing or closing abruptly.
• The screen might freeze or become unresponsive.
• The entire system might crash or display a critical error.
• The screen might turn black, grey, or white while opening QB.

Can disabling the anti-virus app help fix issues while opening QuickBooks?

Yes, sometimes QuickBooks might not open when the antivirus program starts restricting crucial QuickBooks processes. You can temporarily disable the antivirus and try running QuickBooks again to see if this resolves the issue. If it does, add QuickBooks as an exception in the antivirus program.

Can rebooting the PC help fix the “QB not opening” issue?

Yes, sometimes rebooting the PC can help resolve common bugs and issues in the system. This can help fix issues while opening QuickBooks Desktop. To reboot the PC, go to the Windows Start menu, select the Power button, and click the Restart option.

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